Wild horses flee a helicopter during a roundup at the Devil’s Garden Plateau Wild Horse Territory in Northern California last fall. RTF file photo by Steve Paige.


Advocates including Return to Freedom returned to court on Wednesday in an effort to reverse a decision by the U.S. Forest Service to remove 23,000 acres from the heart of one of California’s only wild horse territories.

“The agency’s justifications for taking this unprecedented action are flatly contradicted by its own record, and it has never provided any coherent explanation for why it wants to change course after having maintained herds of wild horses on these lands since the mid-1980s,” said attorney David Zaft.

Zaft presented oral argument before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit on behalf of the advocates.

To hear a recording of oral arguments, please click here.

During the mid-1980s, the U.S. Forest Service added 23,000 acres to the Devil’s Garden Plateau Wild Horse Territory in Northern California and later, in 1991, the agency formalized the change as part of the plan for Modoc National Forest.

The Forest Service maintained minimum populations of wild horses on these additional lands until December 2012. Then, the Forest Service announced that the expanded acreage for wild horses was “an administrative mistake,” and that it planned to capture and remove all horses from the expanded area.

The wild horse advocates contend that the Forest Service’s about-face on a policy that it had followed for years is detrimental to more than the wild horses at Devil’s Garden: If agencies can make such changes without a coherent and logical explanation for doing so, without supporting documents, it puts all wild horse territories at risk.

“It is critical that we preserve California’s last remaining large wild horse territory,” said RTF President Neda DeMayo. “Just as importantly, it would set a bad precedent to allow a government agency to claim it lost documentation yet still go forward with actions to remove herds that have rightfully existed there for many decades.”

Last year, a lower court failed to acknowledge the plaintiffs’ complaint that the Forest Service’s decision violates federal animal protection and environmental laws and unlawfully prioritizes ranchers and privately owned livestock above federally protected wild horses.

The appeals court is expected to release its ruling in two to three months.

The co-plaintiffs in the case are RTF, the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign and California resident Carla Bowers. They are represented by Zaft, of the Los Angeles-based law firm Caldwell Leslie & Proctor, William Eubanks, of the D.C. public interest environmental law firm Meyer Glitzenstein & Eubanks, and the national nonprofit Animal Legal Defense Fund.

Learn more

To read the plaintiffs’ opening and reply briefs (pdf), please click here and here.

To read the government’s answering brief (pdf), please click here.

Previous Devil’s Garden coverage

Wild horses get favorable hearing in battle with California ranchers, Jan. 11, 2017

Judges corral arguments over wild horse protections in remote California county, Jan. 6, 2017

Jan. 12 meeting set on Devil’s Garden, Calif., wild horse plan, Dec. 7, 2016

Devil’s Garden update: California wild horses ready for adoption, Nov. 29, 2016

Devil’s Garden Days Six & Seven: Roundup ends with 290 California wild horses captured, Oct. 2, 2016

You can help
Please consider a contribution to RTF’s Wild Horse Defense Fund, which fuels RTF’s selective litigation efforts, humane observation of roundups, policy reform and advocacy. To donate, please click here.