Wild horses flee a helicopter during a 2016 helicopter roundup at the Devil’s Garden Plateau Wild Horse Territory in Northern California. RTF file photo by Steve Paige.


WASHINGTON, DC – Aug. 4, 2017 – Today, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia overturned a decision by the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) to cut the size of the habitat area for California’s largest remaining wild horse herd. The court characterized as “arbitrary and capricious the USFS’ conclusion that its plan to remove 23,000 acres from the middle of the Devils Garden Wild Horse Territory in the Modoc National Forest had ‘no significant impact.’”

The Court found: The American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign and other plaintiffs filed suit alleging that the Service’s revamping of the territorial lines violated numerous federal laws.  We agree.  A 23,000-acre tract of land and two decades of agency management cannot be swept under the rug as a mere administrative mistake.  We accordingly reverse in part and remand for the Service to address rather than to ignore the relevant history.”

The DC Circuit Court of Appeals decision can be found here.

“This is a precedent-setting victory making clear that federal land management agencies cannot exclude federally protected wild horses or other key uses of public lands without grappling with the implications of such actions on the environment,” said William S. Eubanks II, of Meyer, Glitzenstein & Eubanks, who along with David Zaft, pro bono counsel for the Animal Legal Defense Fund, represented the American Wild Horse Campaign, Return to Freedom Wild Horse Conservation, and California citizen Carla Bowers in the appeal.

The appellate court’s decision overturns a district court decision to allow the USFS to eliminate tens of thousands of acres of critical wild horse territory and turn those lands over for use by private livestock grazing interests.

In its ruling, the DC Circuit further explained: [T] he relevant environmental concern was the effect of the boundary modification on the wild horse population in the Devil’s Garden area.  The Service not only failed to address that concern, it denied its very existence. That head-in-the-sand approach to past agency practice is the antithesis of NEPA’s requirement that an agency’s environmental analysis candidly confront the relevant environmental concerns.”

On January 11, 2017, the DC circuit heard oral arguments in the case, in a hearing characterized as “favorable” by national media.

Devil’s Garden is officially designated as wild horse territory managed by the Forest Service (a division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture), which has been the homeland of wild horses since the 1800s. In August 2013, the Forest Service authorized a decision that will eliminate more than 23,000 acres of prime wild horse territory and reduce the wild horse population by 80%–yet failed to study the impact of privately-owned cows and sheep who graze in the Devil’s Garden and outnumber wild horses by as much as eight times. In 2016, the Forest Service began to implement its plan by removing more than 200 wild horses from Devil’s Garden Wild Horse Territory.

The Animal Legal Defense Fund was founded in 1979 with the unique mission of protecting the lives and advancing the interests of animals through the legal system. For more information, please visit aldf.org.

The American Wild Horse Campaign (formerly known as the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign) is a national wild horse advocacy organization whose grassroots mission is endorsed by a coalition of more than 50 horse advocacy, public interest, and conservation organizations. AWHC is dedicated to preserving the American wild horse in viable, free-roaming herds for generations to come, as part of our national heritage.

Return to Freedom Wild Horse Conservation is a national nonprofit dedicated to preserving the freedom, diversity, and habitat of America’s wild horses and burros through sanctuary, education, advocacy and conservation, while enriching the human spirit through direct experience with the natural world.

Meyer, Glitzenstein & Eubanks is the nation’s leading public interest law firm with offices in Washington, DC and Ft. Collins, Colorado.

Learn more

To hear a recording of oral arguments, please click here.

To read the plaintiffs’ opening and reply briefs (pdf), please click here and here.

To read the government’s answering brief (pdf), please click here.

Previous Devil’s Garden coverage:

Wild horse advocates, Forest Service face off over Devil’s Garden, Jan. 12, 2017

Wild horses get favorable hearing in battle with California ranchers, Jan. 11, 2017

Judges corral arguments over wild horse protections in remote California county, Jan. 6, 2017

Jan. 12 meeting set on Devil’s Garden, Calif., wild horse plan, Dec. 7, 2016

Devil’s Garden update: California wild horses ready for adoption, Nov. 29, 2016

Devil’s Garden Days Six & Seven: Roundup ends with 290 California wild horses captured, Oct. 2, 2016